新东方网>BBC>BBC英语教学>潮流英语>随身英语>正文

连续“刷剧”成为现代人新瘾

2017-09-18 14:18

来源:BBC

作者:

随身英语

Is binge-watching the new addiction? 连续“刷剧”成为现代人新瘾

你有没有过一次连看两集电视剧的经历?研究显示,很多人都这样做过。随着网络媒体的更新和发展,我们不再需要每周苦苦地坐在电视机前等待连续剧一集一集地播出,而是可以按自己的需求“刷剧”。这种强迫性的行为正变得越来越普遍,甚至有可能令我们上瘾。跟随《随身英语》了解连续看电视剧给现代人的生活造成的影响。

课文内容

Vocabulary: binge-watching 词汇: 连续看剧

Have you ever loved a TV show? I mean really loved it? Like, you can’t wait to get to work to talk about it loved it? What about the cliffhanger? That’s the unresolved situation at the end of the episode which makes you want to watch the next one. But, when will the next one be?

In the past, viewers had to wait up to a week for the next episode of their favourite shows. What agony! But, that’s not the case any more. And hand in hand with that comes a, possibly dangerous, growing social trend. We speak of binge-watching.

Binge-watching is when a person watches more than one episode of a show in quick succession. With developments in the speed and connectivity of the internet, increases in technology and the rise of on-demand entertainment companies, people can now have their favourite shows streamed directly to their television at their convenience.

This behaviour is nothing new. In fact, ‘binge-watching’ has been officially listed in dictionaries since 2015. The entertainment companies recognise this behaviour and many take steps to encourage it. Often, instead of releasing each episode on a week-by-week basis, an entire series will become available concurrently. Once the episode finishes, many platforms will display pop-ups with ‘you might like’ suggestions, or will automatically play the next episode.

However, this wondrous gift may in fact be a poisoned chalice. Recent research from British media watchdog Ofcom suggests that this behaviour may have become a hindrance. Out of the more than half of British adults who watch more than one episode of a show back-to-back, almost a third have admitted missing sleep or becoming tired as a result; and one quarter have neglected their household chores. Next we'll be missing work!

Bingeing has other connections – binge eating, binge drinking and binge smoking. All of which are often associated with compulsive behaviour, a lack of control and a possible route to addiction. Lindsey Fussell, consumer group director at Ofcom, said: "The days of waiting a week for the next episode are largely gone, with people finding it hard to resist watching multiple episodes around the house or on the move.” If people find binge-watching hard to resist, coupled with the fact that it has shown to lead to negligence in many, are we witnessing the birth of a new type of addiction?

The myriad of information and entertainment that television and online media can bring us is, many would say, a good thing. It offers us opportunities to better understand the world we live in, educate ourselves and enjoy much needed downtime. However, like any behaviour done to excess, it can become dangerous. And when the activity begins to bleed into other areas, causing us to stop functioning – then it becomes a problem. So, what’s the answer? Moderation! Neither a tiny amount, nor too much. After all, as the old proverb says… a little of what you fancy does you good.

词汇表

cliffhanger (故事)悬念,扣人心弦的部分
agony 煎熬、痛苦
binge-watching 无节制地、连续地看电视剧
in quick succession 紧接着,接连不断地
on-demand 按需提供服务的
streamed 可供在线收看
encourage 激励、促使(行为)
concurrently 同时地
pop-up 弹出式窗口
wondrous 绝妙的,美好的
poisoned chalice “金盏毒酒”,指外表诱人实则有害的事物
watchdog 监督机构
hindrance 妨碍,阻碍
back-to-back 一集接一集地
neglected 疏忽了,忘记做了
compulsive 强迫性的
resist 忍住,抗拒
negligence 疏忽(名词)
myriad 数不胜数,无数
excess 太多,过度
bleed 波及,干扰
moderation 节制、适度

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. Why can people now have television shows streamed into their TV?

2. How do entertainment companies encourage binge-watching?

3. How many of the people in Ofcom’s study have admitted losing sleep due to binge-watching?

4. In the article, which word means ‘time to relax’?

5. True or false: People find it easy to just watch one episode of a show at a time.

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处

1. The boxer delivered a series of punches ______, knocking out his opponent.

agony       on-demand       moderation       in quick succession

2. There are a ______ of hotels in the city centre. You can find one easily.

hindrance       concurrently       myriad       excess

3. Not speaking a second language has been a ______ whenever I go abroad.

poisoned chalice       agony       on-demand       hindrance

4. Be careful of Jim. He’s a nice guy, but a ______ liar. You can’t believe a word he says.

watchdog       compulsive       neglected       moderation

5. My father worked long hours when I was a child. I knew he loved me, but I always felt somewhat ______ because I never saw him.

neglected       wondrous       resist       agony

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. Why can people now have television shows streamed into their television?
Developments in the speed and connectivity of the internet, increases in technology and the rise of on-demand entertainment companies.

2. How do entertainment companies encourage binge-watching?
Instead of releasing each episode on a week-by-week basis, an entire series will become available concurrently. Many platforms will display pop-ups with ‘you might like’ suggestions, or will automatically play the next episode.

3. How many of the people in Ofcom’s study have admitted losing sleep due to binge-watching?
A third have admitted missing sleep

4. In the article, which word means ‘time to relax’?
Downtime

5. True or false: People find it easy to just watch one episode of a show at a time.
False. “People finding it hard to resist watching multiple episodes around the house or on the move”

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处

1. The boxer delivered a series of punches in quick succession, knocking out his opponent.

2. There are a myriad of hotels in the city centre. You can find one easily.

3. Not speaking a second language has been a hindrance whenever I go abroad.

4. Be careful of Jim. He’s a nice guy, but a compulsive liar. You can’t believe a word he says.

5. My father worked long hours when I was a child. I knew he loved me, but I always felt somewhat neglected because I never saw him.

官方微信:新东方英语 (微信号:xdfyyw

听说读写译学习方法、英美剧最新资讯,请扫二维码,关注我们! 

猜你喜欢

  • 听力
  • 口语
  • 阅读
  • 娱乐
  • 词汇
  • 写作

            新东方英语辅导专区

            班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

            焦点推荐

            版权及免责声明

            凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

            本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

            如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

            热搜关键词